What is Whois

This protocol has existed since the inception of the world wide web web, and it is already more than 20 years.
At the beginning of the protocol serves as a simple tool for obtaining information about users on the Internet. Who knows, in the bud, the internet was quite limited in the number of users, mostly it was used only “dedicated” pros and gurus. At that time there was no ICQ, Skype, even chat was not to be found is the contact information on the ip address of the person you went there was a protocol Whois.

What is the Whois

Whois is text data in which it is written that you are interested in address belong “so and so” the man is the administrator who is also (or other people), specific domain is registered by the registrar, specify the DNS addresses to which the host domain, the domain life, when he was purchased and until when will be available on the network, followed by personal data – admin contact number, e-mail for communication and even residential address. All these data can be found in whois, are in the database whois-server.

There are two options: the first – whois-server contains a complete database of all domain registrars zones (such a scheme is implemented in the domain areas: .ru, .org), otherwise – whois-server does not contain a complete database and is redirecting the request to the link between the base and the registrar of the domain zone (ie. all the information about the domain registrar is on its server, and the server whois is only a pointer to the data, an example – the zone .com). Whois protocol itself does not provide for recognition of a centralized or distributed model.

Well when whois- ¬ęclient” is able to recognize such redirection, otherwise the user will have to do everything yourself, in your hand! The determining factor model is the registrar of the domain zone, some registrars such as “dot-com” and “dotnet” are adherents of a distributed system that allows registrars to include additional fields in the records and customer information. Others registrars such as .org, using a centralized storage model registration data.

By the way, I forgot to say that the lingua franca in the whois is English and no other. Nowadays Whois implemented in software or as a web script that sends a request to the whois-server with which you can learn a specific domain is busy or available for registration. In a script is widely used on the sites domain registrars.

Whois, as in the “beginning of the way” is a tool only for “Dedication” (site owners, system administrators, web programmers), most users are not aware of its existence.

Is it true that in some registrars have paperless renewal RU, SU, RF domain?

As a rule, the transfer of rights to Ru, Su, RF domains seller must send a notarized letter to the paper recorder’s office. But there is a paperless transfer of domains. The general principle of a simplified transfer Ru domains is that the seller initially enters into a contract with the registrar for online renewal of domains. To do this, he either personally come to the office of the Registrar or send notarized documents by mail. That is, instead of every time to send a paper letter to the registrar, it is done only once. So, at the request of the workers lay out a list of recorders that support paperless renewal Ru, Su, RF domain:

1) Nic

The Registrar sends the control key to the seller and a link to confirm your acceptance of the domain – the buyer at the e-mail, specified in the request (e-mail receiving side). The seller informs the buyer control key. The buyer clicks the link for making domain and introduces the control key on the confirmation page.

2) Reg and its partners

If there is agreement prodavtw can renew online domain in one of two ways:

– From the personal account in the menu “My Domains”. To do this, select the domain and click the “Change Administrator online”, enter the data of the buyer and enter the verification code via SMS which came on the phone number.
– Submit application for updating the scan to e-mail domain reg.ru.

3) R01 and its resellers

To change the administrator once is enough to sign a special additional agreement on simplified workflows, to transfer the domain to a direct contract, and then will transfer the domain administration rights will be made through a personal account online.

4) Webnames

1 way – through direct auction sale Webnames

At the auction may be sold only second level domain names in domain RU, COM, NO, ORG, RU, SU, COM, NET, ORG, MOBI, BIZ, NET, NAME. Seller Online auction registrar creates a direct sale to a particular domain with a fixed minimum price and the buyer indicates login webnames. Use of this method removed the commission registrar of 10% and 18% VAT. Overhead costs usually do not exceed $ 100. This amount is automatically deducted at the registrar’s site, with a balance of the new owner.

To create a direct auction sale must be the seller and the buyer to verify the account in Webnames copies of documents. Then seller in your account webnames auction creates a direct sale of the domain, username specifies the buyer. On contact email buyer will receive a letter from the registrar with a link, which he will need to go through to confirm that you want to buy a domain.